Natural sites

Natural sites

The Biodiversity of the Haţeg Country is close conected with the vegetation belts found in the region and the special habitats that correspod to each of them.

Descending from the mountains towards the plain, there are five vegetation districts:

- alpine shrubs and grasslands above 1800m with Festuca supinaoo, Vaccinium myrtillus and other species,

- spurce fir forests between 1300-1800m sometimes locally mixed with Sorbus aucuparia, Fagus sylvatica and Abies alba,

- beech forests, often mixed with similar species such as Tilia cordata, Ulmus montana, Fraxinus excelsior, and in mosaic with meadows and fields

- sessile oak forests, steppe grasslands and fields-

turkey oak and hungarian oak forests found on small areas at altitudes lower than 500m, in most cases already turned into fields and grasslands



Following the European Directives, the geopark team has allready identified an imortant number of species and habitats that need special protection.

Directive 79/409/EEC (Birds)Annex I: Ciconia ciconia, Ficedula parva, Glaucidium passerinum,Lanius collurio, Lanius minor;

Annex II: Corvus corone, Streptopelia decaocto, Turdus merula, Turdus philomelos;

Annex III/1: Phasianus colchicus


Directive 92/43/EEC (Habitats)

Annex I - Natural habitat types of community interest that require special conservation:

3220 Alpine rivers and the herbaceous vegetation along their banks

3230 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Myricaria germanica

6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands

6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)

6230 * Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)

6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae)

6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels

6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)

6520 Mountain hay meadows

8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation

8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation

9110 Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests

9130 Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests

9170 Galio-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests

91E0 * Alluvial forests with Alnusglutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae)

91M0 Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests91V0 Dacian Beech forests (Symphyto-Fagion)

9410 Acidophilous Picea forests of the montane to alpine levels (Vaccinio-Piceetea);


Annex II - Animal and plant species of community interest that require special conservation:

MAMMALSCHIROPTERA: Rhinolophidae Rhinolophus blasii,Rhinolophus euryale,Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Rhinolophus hipposideros,Rhinolophus mehelyi; Vespertilionidae: Barbastella barbastellus, Miniopterus schreibersi, Myotis blythii, Myotis capaccinii, Myotis dasycneme, Myotis emarginatus, Myotis myotis. - CARNIVORA: Canidae: * Canis lupus; Ursidae: * Ursus arctos. – Mustelidae: * Mustela lutreola. – Felidae: Lynx lynx.

REPTILESCHELONIA (TESTUDINES): Emydidae: Emys orbicularis.

AMPHIBIANSCAUDATA: Salamandridae: Trituruscristatus.

ANURA: Discoglossidae: Bombina bombina, Bombina variegata.

FISHESPETROMYZONIFORMES: Petromyzonidae: Eudontomyzon spp. (o). –

CYPRINIFORMES:Cyprinidae: Barbus meridionalis (V).

SCORPAENIFORMES: Cottidae: Cottus gobio (o).

INVERTEBRATES - ARTHROPODSINSECTA: Coleoptera: Cerambyx cerdo, Lucanus cervus (o). – Lepidoptera: * Callimorpha (Euplagia, Panaxia) quadripunctaria (o), Euphydryas (Eurodryas, Hypodryas) aurinia (o), Leptidea morsei, Lycaena dispar, Lycaena helle, Maculinea teleius.


The vegetal species with scientific importance are protected in special areas mentioned in Law 5/2000 regarding the approval of the National Territory Plan – section III – protected zones.

Descoperă Ţara Haţegului

The Peşteana Marsh The Peşteana Marsh

The Peşteana Marsh

The Narcissus Hay Fields The Narcissus Hay Fields

The Narcissus Hay Fields

The Bison Forest The Bison Forest

The Bison Forest

The Hay Fields from Pui The Hay Fields from Pui

The Hay Fields from Pui